The case of the two mothers

The case of the two mothers

By Álvaro Ortúzar, lawyer.


We will refer in this column to the sentence that recognized the filia of the philia of a lower growing of “two mothers”. It is a fact that comparisons -demanding and defendant -agreed to obtain a favorable resolution to the identical identities of both. The Court agreed, the sin of without refrain in the case there is an obvious procedural simulation. Our conflict decision system requires contradictory requests on which a judge must decide.


Más allá de esto, que es grave, el tribunal esgrime como fundamento de la segunda maternidad una relación nacida de un sólido vínculo entre dos mujeres que han celebrado un Acuerdo de Unión Civil y el fuerte afecto que sienten por el niño. Nadie discute la relación entre ellas y con el menor. Lo concreto es que una de ellas logró, mediante el procedimiento de fertilización asistida, embarazarse de un donante anónimo de espermios. La nueva segunda madre fue su acompañante con sentimientos profundos y respetables que no se ponen en duda. Pero es un hecho que no aportó el óvulo para la fecundación, por lo que su condición de madre no ha tenido como origen una relación biológica. Por otro lado, no se instó por alguna de las formas de filiación que establece la ley: la adopción, el reconocimiento de un hijo o la posesión notoria de estado civil, que exigen estrictos requisitos. La sentencia, prescindiendo de las reglas, ha explicado su razonamiento en que los derechos del niño están cautelados por leyes internas y por tratados internacionales; y agrega la extensión y amplio alcance del concepto de familia, protegida por la Constitución. Sin embargo, la sentencia pudo decidir así porque el tribunal contravino la ley que regula los modos de obtener una filiación. En este caso, se ha desatendido la esencia de la familia.


Beyond this, which is serious, the court wields as the foundation of the second motherhood a relationship born of a solid link between two women who have held a civil union agreement and the strong affection they feel for the child. No one discusses the relationship between them and with the minor. The concrete thing is that one of them achieved, through the assisted fertilization procedure, pregnant itself with an anonymous sperm donor. The new second mother was her companion with deep and respectable feelings who do not doubt. But it is a fact that did not contribute the ovule for fertilization, so that his status as a mother has not had a biological relationship. On the other hand, it was not urged by any of the forms of affiliation established by law: adoption, recognition of a child or the notorious possession of civil status, which require strict requirements. The sentence, regardless of the rules, explained his reasoning in which the rights of the child are caught by internal laws and international treaties; and adds the extension and wide scope of the family concept, protected by the Constitution. However, the sentence was able to decide thus because the Court contravenes the law that regulates the ways of obtaining a affiliation. In this case, the essence of the family has been neglected.


It should be remembered that each judge, at the time of failure, in a way represents the Judiciary. If the decision issued by a court of first instance is not appealed – as will be in this case – it will be firm and will constitute the verdict of said state power. While sentences only produce effect on the particular causes on which they are issued, they create jurisprudence and feel a precedent or generate, in other cases, contradictory sentences, which is bad for society.

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